Environmental Law and Policy in Namibia: Towards Making Africa the Tree of Life (Third Edition)

ABBREVIATIONS

ABS

Access and benefit sharing

ACPC

African Climate Policy Centre

AfDB

African Development Bank

AF

Adaptation Fund

AGF

Advisory Group on Climate Change Financing

ALAN

Association of Local Authorities in Namibia

AMCEN

African Ministerial Conference on the Environment

APPO

Air Pollution Prevention Ordinance

ARC

Association of Regional Councils

ARIPO

African Regional Intellectual Property Organisation

ASSELLAU

Association of Environmental Law Lecturers in African Universities

ATF

Agricultural Trade Forum

AU

African Union

AUC

African Union Commission

AWG-LCA

Ad hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action

BAP

Bali Action Plan

BASIC

Brazil, South Africa, India and China

BIOTA

Biodiversity Monitoring Transect Analysis in Africa (Project)

BRICS

Brazil, the Russian Federation, India, China and South Africa

CAF

Cancun Adaptation Framework

CAHOSCC

Conference of African Heads of State and Government on Climate Change

CBD

Convention on Biological Diversity

CBDR

Common but differentiated responsibility

CBNRM

Community Based Natural Resources Management

CCDA

Climate Change and Development in Africa

CDM

Clean Development Mechanism

CEDAW

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women

CITES

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora

COMESA

Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa

CONTRALESA

Congress of Traditional Leaders of South Africa

COP

Conference of the Parties

CSAG

Climate Systems Analysis Group

CSC

Climate Services Centre

CTE

Committee on Trade and Environment

CTESS

Committee on Trade and Environment Special Session

CTF

Clean Technology Fund

DANIDA

Danish International Development Agency

DEA

Directorate of Environmental Affairs

DGVM

Dynamic global vegetation model

DPRE

Development Plan for Renewable Energy

DRFN

Desert Research Foundation of Namibia

DSB

Dispute Settlement Body

EAC

East African Community

ECB

Electricity Control Board

ECCP

European Climate Change Programme

EIA

Environmental Impact Assessment

EMA

Environmental Management Act

EPA

Economic Partnership Agreement or Environmental Protection Agency

ETS

EU Emissions Trading System

EU

European Union

FAO

United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation

FDI

Foreign Direct Investment

FTA

Free Trade Agreement

FYP

Five-year Plan

GATS

General Agreement on Trade in Services

GATT

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

GCCA

Global Climate Change Alliance

GCCI

Global Climate Change Impacts

GCOS

Global Climate Observation System

GDP

Gross Domestic Product

GEEREF

Global Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Fund

GEF

Global Environmental F acility

GFDRR

Global F acility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery

GG

Government Gazette

GHG

Greenhouse gas

GIZ

Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit

GMO

Genetically modified organism

GN

Government Notice

GR

Genetic resources

GRN

Government of the Republic of Namibia

IAEA

International Atomic Energy Agency

ICCPR

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

ICDP

Integrated Conservation and Development Projects

ICESCR

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

ICJ

International Court of Justice

IDP

Internally Displaced Person

IEA

International Energy Agency

ILO

International Labour Organisation

INC

Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee

IPBF

Indigenous People’s Business Forum

IPCC

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

IPP

Independent Power Producer

IPR

Intellectual property rights

IRENA

International Renewable Energy Agency

ISDR

International Strategy for Disaster Reduction

IUCN

World Conservation Union (formerly International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources)

IUCNAEL

IUCN Academy of Environmental Law

JI

Joint implementation

KAS

Konrad Adenauer Stiftung

KFW

Kreditanstalt fur Wiederaufbau

LAI

Leaf area index

LCA

Long-term Cooperative Action

LDC

Least developed country

LDCF

Least Developed Countries Fund

LRDT

Legal Research and Development Trust

MCA

Millennium Challenge Account

MDG

Millennium Development Goal

MEA

Multilateral Environmental Agreement

MEF

Major Economy Forum

MET

Ministry of Environment and Tourism

MOP

Meeting of the Parties

MPA

Model Petroleum Agreement

MRA

Marine Resources Act

MRV

Measurement, Reporting and Verification

NAMA

Non-agricultural market access

NAPA

National adaptation plan

NAMFISA

Namibia Financial Institutions Supervisory Authority

NAMREP

Namibia Renewal Energy Programme

NEAA

Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency

NCCC

Namibian Climate Change Committee

NCCI

Namibia Chamber of Commerce and Industry

NDC

Namibia Development Corporation

NDP

National Development Plan

NEEP

Namibia Energy Efficiency Programme in Buildings

NEPAD

New Partnership for Africa’s Development

NGGIP

National Greenhouse Gas Inventories Programme

NGO

Non-governmental organisation

NIRP

National Integrated Resource Plan

NMA

Namibian Manufacturers Association

NPP

Net primary productivity

OAU

Organisation for African Unity

ODS

Ozone-depleting substances

OECD

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

OGEMP

Off-Grid Energisation Master Plan

PGRFA

Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture

PIC

Prior Informed Consent

PPA

Power Purchase Agreements

PRC

People’s Republic of China

PSC

Peace and Security Council

R&D

Research and Development

RE

Renewable Energy

RED

Regional Electricity Distributor

REDMP

Rural Electricity Distribution Master Plan

REEECAP

Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Capacity Building Programme

REEEI

Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Institute

REFAD

Renewable Energy for African Development

REN21

Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century

REPM

Renewable Energy Procurement Mechanism

RET

Renewable Energy Technology

RGGI

Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative

RISDP

Regional Indicative Strategic Development Plan

REDD

Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation

RTPC

Regional Trade and Policy Course

SACU

Southern African Customs Union

SADC

Southern African Development Community

SADCC

Southern African Development Coordination Conference

SAP

Synthesis and Assessment Product

SARCOF

Southern Africa Regional Climate Outlook Forum

SCCF

Special Climate Change Fund

SCM

Subsidies and countervailing measures

SID

Small-island developing state

SPS

Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures

SREP

Scaling-Up Renewable Energy Fund

SRREN

Special Report on Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation

SWAPO

South West Africa People’s Organisation

TBT

Technical Barriers to Trade

TCE

Traditional Cultural Expression

TFI

Task Force on National Greenhouse Gas Inventories

TK

Traditional Knowledge

TRIPS

Agreement on Trade-related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights

UDHR

Universal Declaration of Human Rights

UN

United Nations

UNAM

University of Namibia

UNCBD

United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity

UNCCD

United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification

UNCED

United Nations Conference on Environment and Development

UNCLOS

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea

UNDP

United Nations Development Programme

UNECA

United Nations Economic Commission for Africa

UNEP

United Nations Environment Programme

UNFCCC

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

UNIN

United Nations Institute for Namibia

UN-REDD

United Nations Collaborative Programme on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries

UNTAG

United Nations Transition Assistance Group

UPOV

International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants

USAID

United States Agency for International Development

USD

US Dollar

WCI

Western Climate Initiative

WG

Working Group

WIPO

World Intellectual Property Organisation

WMO

World Meteorological Organisation

WTO

World Trade Organisation

WWF

World Wildlife Fund

ZERI

Zero Emission Research Initiative